All About the “Na Dai” Vietnamese Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa)

All About the “Na Dai” Vietnamese Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa)

The Vietnamese sugar apple, also known as the “Na Dai Vietnamese sugar apple” or “Mang cau dai” in Vietnam, is a popular tropical fruit enjoyed for its sweet flavor and chewy texture. 

This fruit is a type of Annona scientifically known as Annona squamosa. This article explores the origins, characteristics, and cultural significance of the Na Dai Vietnamese sugar apple.

If you want to purchase a “Na Dai Vietnamese Sugar Apple,” you can click here.

Na-Dai-Nadai-Vietnamese-Sugar-Apple-Annona-Squamosa-Custard-Apple-Vietnam-Mang-Cau-Na
Na Dai Vietnamese sugar apples.

Origins of the Sugar Apple

The sugar apple is native to South America and was brought to Southeast Asia by Spanish and Portuguese traders sailing in the 16th century. 

Today, it is widely cultivated in tropical regions worldwide, including Vietnam and tropical Southeast Asia.

Characteristics of the Na Dai Sugar Apple

The Na Dai Vietnamese sugar apple has a unique appearance, with a light green, smooth exterior that protects a white, chewy interior. 

The interior is smooth and contains pieces containing a sweet, custard-like flesh that encases non-edible seeds.

The Na Dai Vietnamese sugar apple is a favorite in flavor and consistency. 

The fruit has a delicate sweetness hint of tartness, and a smooth, creamy texture.

This combination of sweet and chewy texture and its juicy, creamy pulp make it a popular choice among fruit lovers and Florida fruit growers.

Cultural Significance of the Na Dai Sugar Apple

In Vietnam, the Na Dai sugar apple holds a special place in the hearts of many people.

It is often consumed as a snack or dessert and symbolizes good luck and prosperity. It is nutritious and provides the body with a bountiful of nutrients.

In Vietnamese, “Dai” means chewy, referring to the chewiness of this delicious sugar apple variety.

Sugar-apple-Na-Dai-Vietnamese-Mang-Cau-Dai-Custard-Apple-Fruit-In-Half-Segmented
Inside of the Na Dai Vietnamese sugar apple.

Where to purchase a Na Dai Vietnamese Sugar Apple?

You can purchase a Na Dai Vietnamese sugar apple online here.

Growing and Harvesting Na Dai Sugar Apples

The sugar apple is an easy tropical fruit tree to grow and is well-suited to the subtropical climate of Florida. 

The trees typically grow to around 10-15 feet, produce fruit from late spring to early fall, and even make a second crop that can be harvested in the winter.

When it comes to harvesting, the sugar apples should be picked when they are fully mature. 

The Na Dai Vietnamese sugar apple will be sweet if it ripens appropriately on the tree. 

To determine if a sugar apple is ripe, give it a gentle squeeze – if it gives slightly as a ripe avocado does, it is ready to be picked.

If you are harvesting Na dai Vietnamese sugar apples to sell at the market or to ship to someone, it is advised that you pick them when they are still slightly hard but have distinctive white lines between the carpels of the fruit to ensure they will be sweet and not plain.

What is the best fertilizer for Na Dai Vietnamese sugar apples?

The best fertilizer for Na Dai Vietnamese sugar apples is Osmocote plus 15-9-12 slow-release fertilizer. 

This fertilizer will give your sugar apples the proper nutrients for 3-4 months and release nutrients every time you water your sugar apple.

Sugar apples and other Annonaceae, such as Atemoyas, thrive with organic compost, foliar sprays, and a proper fertilizing schedule.

Questions about the Na Dai Vietnamese Sugar Apple

Is the Na Dai Vietnamese sugar apple the same as the Thai Lesssard sugar apple?

No, the Na dai Vietnamese sugar apple has a different exterior to the fruit and has a unique leaf compared to the Thai Lessard sugar apple. You can check out this article that compares different sugar apple varieties. 

Na-Dai-Vietnamese-Sugar-Apple-Thai-lessard-Sugar-Apple-Diffrences-between
Na Dai Vietnamese sugar apple next to a Thai Lessard sugar apple.

Where can I purchase the Na dai Vietnamese sugar apple fruit?

Many vendors are at the Pinellas Park Flea Market at Icot Center – 13600 Icot Blvd. Clearwater, FL 33760, sells the Na dai Vietnamese sugar apple during the sugar apple season from May through December. 

The market is open from 7 am to 2 pm, but it’s better to arrive early as a significant community loves the sugar apples and will buy them out fast.

How much does the Na Dai Vietnamese sugar apple cost per pound in Florida?

In 2022, Na dai Vietnamese sugar apples were sold for around 14 – 20$ the pound plus at Flea markets in Florida, such as the Pinellas Park Flea Market. 

This means that one big fruit could cost you anywhere from 20-25$ alone.

Conclusion

The Na Dai sugar apple is a truly unique and delicious fruit and is an essential part of Vietnamese culture. With its sweet and creamy flesh, this fruit is a must-try for anyone looking to experience the rich fruit traditions of Southeast Asia. Whether you enjoy it as a healthy snack, a dessert, or a traditional natural remedy, there is no denying that the sugar apple (Annona squamosa) is a truly remarkable fruit.

Sugar-apple-varieties-and-cultivars-exploring-the-diffrent-types-of-sugar-apple-custard-apple-annona-annonaceae-squamosa-mang-cau

Sugar Apples: Exploring the Different Variety (Annona squamosa)

Overview of Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa) Varieties and Cultivars

The sugar apple, or Annona squamosa, is a tropical fruit from the Annonaceae family. It has many different cultivars and varieties that vary in sweet flavor and texture. In this article, we will check out the various types of sugar apples grown worldwide and their unique characteristics. Furthermore, we’ll discuss how to identify them so you can learn more and one day grow them.

Types of Sugar Apples (Annona squamosa)

Many different types of sugar apples are available on the market to grow and buy. Some of the more popular ones include 

  • Na Dai Vietnamese – A custardy sweet and chewy Vietnamese sugar apple variety 
  • Thai Lessard – A green sugar apple variety from Thailand that is known for its big and sweet sugar apples
  • Kampong Mauve – A Purple sugar apple variety that develops a beautiful purple and red blush and is said to have a sweet berry custard flavor
  • Thai Purple – A purple sugar apple variety that develops a purple blush and is very productive 
  • Thai Golden – A sugar apple variety that is yellow instead of green from Thailand. This sugar apple is sweet and chewy and has a unique yellow or golden appearance.

Each type offers a unique sweetness and flavor profile, making them perfect for those who enjoy sugar apples and want to grow different varieties.

Identifying Different Types Of Sugar Apples

It can be difficult to identify different types of sugar apples as they all look pretty similar on the outside but can have very distinct flavors coming from within. 

However, there are some general features that you can use to identify each type, such as the color and shape of the Annona fruits and leaves. 

Na Dai Vietnamese Sugar apple

A variety of sugar apple from Vietnam that has excellent eating characteristics such as a low seed-to-meat ratio, chewy delectable flesh, and sweet and juicy flesh.

Its leaves are smaller than other green sugar apple cultivars, with more segmented flesh and skin that easily peels off. 

‘Na Dai’ Vietnamese Sugar apples (Annona squamosa)
‘Na Dai’ Vietnamese Sugar apple in half (Annona squamosa)
‘Na Dai’ Vietnamese Sugar apple has smooth carpels (Annona squamosa)

Check out this online nursery here if you want to order a ‘Na Dai Vietnamese’ sugar apple.

Thai Lessard Sugar Apple

A variety of sugar apple originating from Thailand. The Thai Lessard sugar apple is a high-producing sugar apple tree that makes big and delicious sugar apples.

Thai Lessard sugar apple scales are much more prominent, more stuck out, and somewhat pointed.

‘Thai Lessard’ Sugar apple from the front.
‘Thai Lessard’ Sugar apple from the top. Carpels stick out more compared to ‘Na Dai Vietnamese’ sugar apple.

This is much different from the ‘Na Dai Vietnamese’ sugar apple scales, which are fused together and make peeling easier than the Thai Lessard.

‘Na Dai Vietnamese’ Sugar apple compared to ‘Thai Lessard’ Sugar apple.
‘Na Dai Vietnamese’ Sugar apple compared to ‘Thai Lessard’ Sugar apple.
‘Na Dai Vietnamese’ Sugar apple compared to ‘Thai Lessard’ Sugar apple.

The leaves are much larger on the Thai Lessard compared to other green variety sugar apples.

Thai Golden Sugar Apple

A variety of sugar apple that comes from Thailand and produces yellow sweet sugar apples.

This variety also produces yellow leaves, making it easy to distinguish amongst green variety sugar apple cultivars.

Thai Purple Sugar Apple

A variety of sugar apple that comes from Thailand and produces purple/red sugar apples. This variety of sugar apple is sweet and is a pretty tree to have due to its beautiful purple sugar apples that grow from it.

Thai Purple Sugar apple (Annona squamosa)
Thai Purple Sugar apple (Annona squamosa)
Thai Purple Sugar apple inside (Annona squamosa)

Kampong Mauve

A variety of sugar apple that is known for its stunning purple-colored sugar apples is the Kampong Mauve. It produces sugar apples with a low seed count and excellent-tasting sugar apple pulp.

This variety of sugar apple produces purple sugar apples from the moment the sugar apple is the size of a marble. 

It is important to note that the Kampong Muave starts to produce purple fruits when the sugar apple is the size of a marble. Other purple varieties of sugar apples may stay green until the fruits are about one to two months from maturing.

Kampong Mauve sugar apple (Annona squamosa) purple at the size of a marble.

Other cultivars of purple sugar apple, such as the “Thai Purple,” make purple sugar apples but start green color up until they are about the size of a golf ball. 

There are reports of the Kampong mauve sugar apple being a shy bearer compared to other purple and red sugar apple cultivars.

Varieties & Cultivars

Each of the sugar apple varieties still all classifies as a sugar apple (Annona squamosa) and, although unique in their fruit characteristics, are all referred to as sugar apples.

More sugar apple cultivars and varieties are out there, and new hybrids are constantly being bred and developed every year as more Annona enthusiasts are pollinating and mixing pollen to create new cultivars. 

With sugar apples, mixing the pollen from different varieties is done in nature by the sugar apple pollinator, the nitulid beetle – and is also done by Annonaceae fruit enthusiasts wanting to create a new cultivar of sugar apple. 

Conclusion

In conclusion, sugar apples offer a wide range of exciting cultivars filled with nutritional benefits, making them an ideal choice for anyone looking to grow a tropical fruit tree that is both sweet and healthy! 

With expansive varieties, it’s hard to decide which sugar apple is best suited for you. By identifying specific characteristics and growing conditions such as shape, color, and flavor, choosing between varieties or cultivars is much easier!

Golden-Soursop-Yellow-guanabana-Annona-muricata-gold-fruit-All-about-the-yellow-soursop

All about the Golden Yellow Soursop (Annona murciata)

The golden soursop (Annona muricata) is a fruit from the Annonaceae family native to South America.

It has many unique benefits and features, and its golden yellow color makes it incredibly beautiful and is sought out by many for its uniqueness. After all, it’s golden soursop!

In this article, we’ll explore the golden soursop and a little history of golden soursops, as well as its medicinal and culinary uses as well as the differences and similarities with the traditional green soursop.

What is the golden soursop fruit?

The golden soursop is a regular soursop (Annona muricata) fruit that naturally has a yellow tint to the soursop fruit instead of green.

yellow soursop in australia grown by Steve Trenerry
Yellow soursop (Annona muricata) in Australia by Steve Trenerry, a rare tropical professional fruit grower.

Is the yellow or golden soursop different from the regular green soursop?

The color is the only difference between golden and green soursop. The yellow soursop is still the same fruit as the green soursop (Annona muricata), just a yellow tint.

Does the golden soursop taste different from the regular green soursop?

Golden soursop tastes just like regular soursop; the only difference is the golden color of the fruit’s skin. 

Some individuals have tried the golden soursop and claim it has a slight pineapple taste. 

All soursops, green or yellow, can generally vary from sweet to sour. 

Where does the golden soursop come from?

The golden soursop is said to have originated in South America in Colombia, as Colombia is rich in biodiversity and grows some of the best soursops in the world. 

There is a photo of an individual standing at a soursop (Annona muricata) fruit stall in Cartagena, Colombia, with a large golden soursop. The fruit stall is called ‘El Rey Del Guanabana’ or ‘The King of Soursops.’

yellow soursop in Cartagena colombia
A man standing at ‘El Rey Del Guanabana’ in Cartagena, Colombia, with a Yellow or Golden Soursop (Annona muricata).

I have visited this stall, but unfortunately, they did not have a golden soursop. I did ask the vendor, and he did say there are golden soursop trees in Colombia, and they get fruits a few times a year from them.

It is important to note that golden soursops are growing worldwide, especially in Australia, as many have been cultivated there.

Does the golden soursop tree look different from a regular green soursop tree?

The golden soursop has some physical characteristics that distinguish it from a green soursop tree, such as the leaves, new growth of the leaves, and the tree’s bark.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

The golden soursop tree has golden/ yellow tinted leaves.

The golden soursop has a much deeper yellow tint to the leaves than the green soursop.

This yellow tint in the leaves can also be seen when starting seeds from the golden soursop.

Are there any other yellow or golden Annona fruits?

A yellow or golden sugar apple (Annona squamosa) produces yellowish leaves and has a yellow exterior fruit that originated in Thailand. The yellow sugar apple is similar to the yellow soursop (Annona muricata) in its yellow tint to its leaves and fruit.

What does yellow soursop look like on the inside?

The yellow soursop inside is white, with black seeds aligning in the center of the fruit. It looks the same as regular green soursop (Annona reticulata) on the inside. 

Nutritional Value of the yellow soursop fruit

Golden or yellow soursop per 100 grams of fruit contains 66 calories, 0.3 grams of fat, 16.84 grams of carbohydrates, and 1 gram of protein. 

Health Benefits of Consuming Golden Soursops

Golden soursops have an abundance of antioxidants that can help protect your body from illnesses and overall keep your body healthy. 

Studies have shown that consuming this delicious fruit can reduce inflammation and strengthen your immune system. 

Furthermore, consuming this fruit will provide nutrients to keep your skin glowing.

Culinary Uses for Golden Soursops

Another great benefit of this incredible fruit is its culinary uses; it can be used in many juices and desserts, such as ‘Batido de guanabana’ or soursop milkshake, and can even be used to make delicious ice cream! 

It can be eaten fresh or juiced to make a delicious healthy drink.

Where can I get a yellow or golden soursop fruit?

You can purchase a golden soursop fruit from the ‘Rey del la Guanabana’ in Cartagena, Colombia. 

Conclusion

In conclusion, golden soursop (Annona muricata) is a unique Annona fruit for its yellow or golden skin color on the outside. Although the soursop fruit tastes almost identical, it is prized for its exotic color and is one to seek for those tropical fruit tree collectors. 

Soursop-versus-Custard-apple-Annona-muricata-vs-Annona-reticulata

Soursop vs. Custard Apple: Which Tropical Fruit is Healthier for You?

Soursop vs. Custard Apple: Which Tropical Fruit is Healthier for You?

Exotic tropical fruits in the Annonaceae fruit family are known for their sweet taste and high nutritional value. 

Two popular Annona are soursop (Annona muricata) and custard apple (Annona reticulata).

Both of these fruits are packed with vitamins and minerals, but they have some distinct differences in terms of their health benefits. 

In this blog post, we will compare Soursop (Annona muricata) and custard apple (Annona reticulata), highlighting their key differences and the health benefits of each.

Soursop (Annona muricata)

Soursop, also known as guanabana, is a tropical fruit native to Central and South America. It has a spiky green exterior and white, juicy flesh. 

The fruit contains vitamins C and B and minerals like potassium and calcium. It also is loaded with compounds that have been shown to have anti-cancer properties.

What is Soursop known as?

Soursop is also known as Guanabana in South America in countries like Colombia. In Brazil, it is known as Graviola. In the Caribbean, it is known as Soursop.

What is Soursop known for?

Soursop is known for its cancer-curing properties, which is said to help cancer patients by consuming the fruit’s pulp and making teas from the leaves of the soursop tree.

The inside of a soursop guanabana graviola fruit annona muricata
The inside of a soursop fruit (Annona muricata).

Where can I purchase a soursop tree?

You can order a soursop tree online and have it delivered to your door from this online nursery.

Custard apple (Annona reticulata)

The custard apple, also known as bullocks heart (Annona reticulata), is another tropical fruit native to Central and South America. 

It has a red, brown, or green, smooth exterior and is creamy, white flesh or red flesh. The fruit contains vitamins A and C and minerals like potassium and phosphorus. 

What are the differences between soursop and custard apple?

One of the key differences between soursop and custard apples is their taste. 

Soursop has a unique, sweet, and sour flavor that is often described as a combination of mango and pineapple. 

On the other hand, a custard apple has a sweeter, custard-like taste.

Another difference between the two fruits is their texture. Soursop has fibrous white flesh, while custard apple has a creamy, almost custard-like texture. 

The flesh of custard apples can also vary from white to deep red depending on the cultivar of custard apple (Annona reticulata). 

the inside of a custard apple bullocks heart annona reticulata fruit
The inside of an Annona reticulata. Custard apple. Cultivar: Sarteneja.

What are the nutritional benefits of eating soursop and custard apple fruit?

The nutritional benefits of consuming Soursop and custard apple are that it contains excellent sources of vitamins and minerals. Soursop is exceptionally high in vitamin C, which is essential for maintaining a healthy immune system.

On the other hand, the Custard apple is high in vitamin A, which is vital for maintaining healthy eyesight, skin, and growth.

Which is better for you, soursop or custard apple?

When it comes to choosing between soursop and custard apple, it depends on your taste and nutritional needs.

If you’re looking for a fruit with a unique, tangy flavor, Soursop is an excellent option. If you prefer a sweeter taste and a creamy texture, custard apple may be the better choice.

Both fruits are excellent sources of vitamins and minerals, so incorporating them into your diet can benefit your overall health. Whether you choose soursop or custard apple, you can be sure that you’re getting a delicious and nutritious tropical fruit.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Soursop and custard apple are two tropical fruits rich in vitamins and minerals. They both have their unique taste and nutritional benefits. 

Soursop is high in Vitamin C and has anti-cancer properties, while custard apple is high in Vitamin A and has anti-inflammatory properties. Both fruits are a great addition to a healthy diet, so it ultimately comes down to personal preference when choosing between them.

Sugar apple versus vs compared Atemoya

Atemoya vs. Sugar Apple

Atemoya vs. Sugar Apple

Is atemoya the same fruit as sugar apple?

No, Atemoya (Annona atemoya) is not the same fruit as the Sugar apple (Annona squamosa), but both are a part of the Annonaceae fruit family. 

The atemoya fruit is a hybrid of Cherimoya (Annona cherimola) crossed with Sugar apple (Annona squamosa); where and what’s produced is called an Atemoya.

The Atemoya fruit is different from the cherimoya and the sugar apple.

Atemoya (Annona atemoya)

Where did atemoya originate from?

In Florida, the first atemoya hybrids were produced by horticulturist P.J Wester at the United States Department of Agriculture in Miami in 1908. The first atemoya seedlings of atemoya were planted in 1910. 

It is important to note that natural atemoya hybrids exist in South America, with sugar apple and cherimoya trees growing in nature and pollinating by pollinators.

What does atemoya taste like?

Atemoya fruits taste like a sweet custard mixture of pineapple and sweet tropical berries. Its flavor ranges among varieties of atemoya.

What does the inside of an atemoya look like?

The inside of an atemoya is white, with seeds aligning in the center. 

What are the nutritional benefits of atemoyas?

The nutritional benefits of eating 100 grams of atemoya include:

  • 79 calories.
  • 19.01 grams of carbohydrates.
  • 1.76 grams of protein.
  • 0.39 grams of fat.
  • A healthy portion of vitamins B6 and C.

Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa)

Where do sugar apples originate from?

Sugar apples (Annona squamosa) are said to originate in the South American tropics.

What does a sugar apple taste like?

Sugar apples taste like a sweet pear mixed with pineapple and mango that has a delectable custard sweetness.

Whats the inside of a sugar apple look like?

Sugar apples appear similar when open to atemoyas, but the flesh is segmented and not flush together like atemoyas.

What are the nutritional advantages of eating sugar apple fruit?

Per 100 grams of sugar apple (Annona squamosa) offers 94 calories, 26.64 grams of carbohydrates, 0.29 grams of fat, and 2.06 grams of protein. They also contain vitamins and minerals like riboflavin, thiamine, Vitamin B6, niacin, potassium, magnesium, and manganese.

Sugar_apple_nutrition_per_100_grams_annona_squamosa_annonaceae

What are the similarities between atemoya and sugar apple fruit

The similarities between atemoya and sugar apple are that they are both a part of the Annonaceae fruit family. 

Both fruits are also similar in taste, although each has unique taste characteristics that make them distinctive. Another similarity is that the flowers of atemoya and sugar apples appear and are pollinated the same way.

What are the differences between sugar apple and atemoya fruit?

The differences between sugar apple and atemoya fruit are the following.

  • Atemoya fruits can be grown at a higher elevation, while sugar apple struggles to grow at higher elevations.
  • Sugar apples are typically smooth with no pointy parts, while atemoyas are bumpy with small sharp bumps.
  • Sugar apple fruits on the inside typically come apart when eaten, while atemoya fruits remain whole and are not segmented on the inside like a sugar apple is.

Conclusion

In conclusion, sugar apple and atemoya fruits are different fruits, but both are a part of the Annona fruit family.

Both fruits have a tropical and unique taste and texture, with atemoyas having more hints of sweetness and acidity, while sugar apples have a taste profile that’s more custard and sweet.

Both fruits have a wide range of uses, from icecreams to medical applications, and are very beneficial to the human body. Whether you like sugar apples or atemoyas, you should include these delicious fruits in your home garden.

The-Best-Time-To-Plant-Fruit-Trees-In-Florida

The Best Time To Plant Fruit Trees In Florida

A Seasonal Guide to Planting Fruit Trees in Florida

If you’re looking to grow some delicious fruit in your garden, consider planting a tropical fruit tree! 

Many different types of tropical fruit trees can thrive in Florida’s climate and provide you with years of enjoyment. 

This blog post will discuss the best time of year to plant fruit trees in Florida and the most popular varieties for our state. So read on to learn more!

The best time of year to plant fruit trees in Florida is during the Summer, May through September.

The best time of year to plant fruit trees in Florida is during the summertime to take advantage of the summer rains. The natural rainwater will help establish your fruit trees. 

You can technically plant year-long in Florida due to its unique growing climate, but if you want to grow fruit trees long-term, the rainwater goes a long way in establishing them.

Young trees planted in the summer months will benefit from the summer rains.

Many tropical fruit trees will need rain to produce flowers and fruits.

The best time to plant fruit trees in Florida
Atemoya fruit growing in Florida.

Is it ok to plant fruit trees during the wintertime in Florida?

In Florida, it is ok to plant trees during the winter time but it is not recommended due to the colder temperatures that might affect certain cultivars or fruit trees – especially those that are ultra-sensitive such as soursop, cacao, mamey sapote, and breadfruit.

When is the best time to plant tropical fruit trees in North Florida?

The best time to plant tropical fruit trees in North Florida is spring to summer. By planting in the springtime, young trees can grow with the rainfall and expand the plant’s root system.

In North Florida, it is important to consider the winter months in Florida as North Florida gets much colder weather compared to central and southern florida.

It is advised in North Florida to avoid planting until the final threat of frost has passed.

When is the best time to plant tropical fruit trees in Central Florida?

The best time to plant tropical fruit trees in Central Florida is in the early spring to summer time.

Central Florida typically experiences a mild winter compared to North Florida, but it is still recommended not to plant trees when the weather is too cold.

When is the best time to plant tropical fruit trees in South Florida?

The best time to plant tropical fruit trees in Florida is technically year around due to South Florida’s average high temperatures compared to Northern and Central Florida.

Sugar apple fruit guide in Florida
Sugar apple fruit growing in Florida.

The most popular varieties of fruit trees for Florida include sugar apple trees, mango trees, and avocado trees.

Sugar apples, mango, and avocado are Florida’s most popular fruit trees. They are easy to grow and produce exotic fruits.

Sugar apple trees

The best time to plant sugar apple trees in Florida is during the fall or early spring.

Sugar apples (Annona squamosa) will be coming out of dormancy in Florida during the early spring season and will grow very fast as spring comes around. 

Sugar apple trees will go dormant during the winter, and their leaves will turn brown and fall off.

If you are in Northern to Central Florida, consider planting your sugar apple tree in a microclimate where it can stay protected during winter.

If you want to start growing your sugar apple tree, check out this online nursery here.

Mango trees

Mangoes are a popular type of fruit tree in Florida. Mangoes are native to the tropics and prefer warm weather. 

They can be grown in pots or the ground and need little care.

The ideal time to plant Mango trees is almost year-round in Florida, with the expectation of cold snaps and freezes. 

Mango trees have adapted to Florida’s weather conditions and are one of the best care free fruit trees you can grow in Florida.

Mango trees fruiting and growing in Florida.

Mango trees in Florida are easily pollinated. Flies are the primary pollinators of mango. It is not typical for homeowners to pollinate mango trees as the trees set fruits easily by themselves.

Mango trees typically flower in late winter, and fruits are harvested in the summer.

Mango trees come in many varieties and flavors, and some produce fruit in Florida at earlier and later times of the year.

If you’re ready to add a mango tree to your garden, you can order one from this online nursery.

Avocado trees

Avocados are also popular in Florida. Avocados are native to Mexico and prefer warm weather. 

They can be grown in pots or the ground and need little care.

The best time to plant avocado trees in Florida is during the early spring and in the summer, as avocados thrive in Florida’s heat and will establish well with the rain storms. 

It is vital to ensure that avocados are planted at the highest point of your yard where water does not sit after a typical rain. Avocados need to have well-draining soil and cannot tolerate standing water.

If you are looking to add to order an avocado tree to your door you can do so with this website here.

Planting tropical fruit trees can provide you with years of enjoyment and fresh fruit for your family to enjoy.

When it comes to planting tropical fruit trees, There are a couple steps to ensure that your tree will thrive. 

First, you must choose a location for your tree that gets plenty of sunlight.

Tropical fruit trees need at least six hours of direct sunlight each day to produce abundant fruit.

In addition to full sun, you’ll also need to ensure that the location you choose for your tree has well-drained soil.

Fruit trees don’t do well in soggy conditions, so it’s important to ensure that the area you’re planting doesn’t retain water.

The Best Florida fruit trees for beginner gardeners

I recommend the three tropical fruit trees for Florida beginner growers, Sugar Apple, Mango and Avocado. These three types of fruit trees grow excellently in Florida’s sandy soils.

Mango tree new growth in Florida.

Planting your tropical fruit tree

After you’ve settled on a tree, it’s time to get planting! When it comes to fruit trees, the general rule of thumb is to plant them slightly above the depth as they were in the pot they came in. 

Once your tree is in the ground, water it well and give it a high-quality, slow-release fertilizer.

With proper care and attention, your fruit tree should provide you with years of enjoyment – not to mention delicious fresh fruit!

When choosing a tropical fruit tree be sure to choose one that is appropriate for Florida’s climate.

Florida’s climate is hot and humid, with average temperatures ranging from 68- 87 degrees Fahrenheit. 

It is important to choose a fruit tree that can withstand these conditions. Some good options include mangoes, sugar apples, atemoyas, and avocados.

These trees will not only be able to survive in the warm weather, but they will also produce delicious fruits that the whole family can enjoy.

Sugar apple tree growing and fruiting in Florida.

With proper care and maintenance, your fruit tree will thrive and provide you with delicious fruit for many years to come.

Tropical Fruit trees are an excellent addition to any Florida home garden, providing fresh, delicious fruit for many years. 

Your fruit tree will thrive and produce abundant fruit with proper care and maintenance.

Deciduous fruit trees in Florida

In Florida, growing tropical fruit trees may go deciduous when in the winter months.

When cold weather comes around December through January, many tropical trees will go dormant, and some will shed their leaves.

Most fruit trees will keep their leaves, but many will keep their leaves to stay warm.

What tropical fruit trees lose their leaves in the winter in Florida?

Fruit trees that are deciduous and lose their leaves in the winter include sugar apple trees, soursop trees, atemoya trees, mamey sapote trees, and persimmon trees.

Tropical fruit trees that lose their leaves during winter need to be protected from cold damage if temperatures reach freezing temperatures.

What fruit trees are frost-tender trees?

Tropical fruit trees that can be grown in Florida and are frost tender and will not handle frost are soursop, cacao, breadfruit, sugar apple, caimito, abiu, and achachiaru.

Container trees

Container trees can be planted year-round in Florida. 

Tropical fruit trees can be up-potted into a bigger pot any time of the year in Florida, but it is advised to do so during the summer so they can get wet with the tropical summer rainwater.

An advantage to growing tropical fruit trees in pots is mobility. 

If freezing temperatures threaten your tropical fruit trees, you can move them into your garage or a warmer area.

Citrus trees in Florida

Citrus trees are a Florida classical fruit tree that comes to mind when planning to add fruit to your yard.

Citrus trees in Florida over the years have gotten more challenging to grow due to the citrus greening, also known as Huang Long Bing (HLB). 

Citrus greening attacks citrus trees in Florida and makes them, so they produce very little to no fruits.

The only way to combat this citrus pest is by spraying your tree with a foliar application to make it stronger and more resistant to this pest.

Key Tips Tropical Fruit Tree Gardening Takeaway:

1. Water regularly. Your fruit tree must be watered deeply and regularly during growth. Water at the base of the tree, ensuring to wet the roots well. Avoid watering the leaves, as this can encourage fungal diseases.

2. Fertilize regularly. Feed your fruit tree with a good-quality slow-release or organic fertilizer several times during the growing season. Follow the manufacturer’s directions on how often to fertilize.

3. Prune annually. Pruning your fruit tree helps promote new growth and keeps the tree healthy. Each year, prune out dead or diseased branches and any crossed or rubbing branches. Also, prune back any excessively long or leggy branches.

4. Protect from pests and diseases. Check trees often for pests and diseases that could harm your fruit tree. If you see anything suspicious, treat it immediately with an appropriate pesticide or fungicide.

There are many benefits to planting fruit trees in Florida, including the delicious fruit they produce and the enjoyment you will get from watching them grow.

Summer months, May through September is the best time of year to plant fruit trees in Florida, and popular varieties include sugar apple trees, mango trees, and avocado trees. 

Planting fruit trees can provide you with years of enjoyment and fresh fruit for your family. 

When selecting a fruit tree for your tropical fruit forest, choose one appropriate for Florida’s climate. With proper care and maintenance, your fruit tree will thrive and provide you with delicious fruit for many years.

How-To-Grow-An-Atemoya-Tree

How to grow an Atemoya tree in Florida

How to grow an Atemoya tree in Florida

Florida is the perfect climate for growing Atemoya trees. This sweet and juicy fruit is a cross between a sugar apple (Annona squamosa) and a cherimoya (Annona cherimola), and it thrives in Florida soils and weather.

Here’s what you need to know to add an Atemoya tree to your fruit garden.

Recommended Products For Growing Atemoya

Atemoya care guide

Common namesAtemoya, Pineapple sugar apple,  
Scientific nameAnnona atemoya
Months of Atemoya HarvestIn Florida from June through December
Sun requirements for AtemoyaFull sun for best fruit production
Water requirements for AtemoyaTwo to three times a week during flower + fruiting season.
Soil requirements for Atemoya Rich, well-drained soil. Sandy soil will work in Florida.
Fertilizer requirements for Atemoya2-3 times yearly with Florikan, Osmocote, Azomite, Nutricote
Atemoya pestsWhiteflies, Scale, Potato LeafHoppers, Annona seed borer
Atemoya diseasesRoot rot
Annona Atemoya care guide updated: December 19, 2022

Atemoya fruit growing How to grow atemoya fruits guide
Un-ripe atemoya (Annona atemoya) fruit hanging.

Selecting an atemoya tree

Make sure to select a grafted atemoya tree

Select an atemoya tree that is grafted. A cultivar such as ‘Geffner’ always makes a great first atemoya tree due to its easy care and self-pollination.

Find out what rootstock it grafted onto

Not all atemoya rootstocks are equal. Some rootstocks, such as cherimoya (Annona cherimola), are superior over other rootstocks for Atemoya, such as pond apple (Annona glabra), which works better for grafting other Annonas such as ilama (A. diversifolia).

The best rootstock that has been reported for atemoyas is cherimoya (Annona cherimola), as well as the Custard apple (Annona reticulata). Last but not least, grafting Atemoya onto atemoya seedlings often works great.

Check the graft union 

Checking the graph union to ensure the atemoya tree is healthy and strong is recommended before buying the tree. 

By ensuring a strong and healthy graft union, you can make sure the Atemoya tree has the best chance to live a long and productive life.

Which varieties of Atemoya are the best to grow?

  • ‘Gefner’ atemoya: Green Self pollinating fruit, sweet classic atemoya flavor, and profile
  • ‘Lisa’ Atemoya: Pink/Green atemoya with a sweet tropical berry taste profile. 
  • ‘Priestly’ Atemoya: Green bumpy atemoya fruit with a sweet and juicy taste profile that is said to be superior in taste to ‘Gefner’.
  • ‘Dream’ Atemoya: A atemoya with cherimoya characteristics with a delicate, juicy, sweet flavor that is a favorite among many atemoya growers.
  • ‘Phet Pak Chong’ / ‘PPC Atemoya’: A jumbo chewy, sweet and juicy sugar apple-like atemoya that originated in Thailand.

Atemoya site selection

Where should I plant my atemoya tree?

The best spot to grow an atemoya tree should have well-drained soil, full sun, protection from strong winds, and enough space between each tree for maintenance and harvesting activities.

Atemoya tree standing 15 feet tall.

Where in Florida does Atemoya grow best?

Atemoya grows best in Florida in zone 9b-10a. Atemoya grows excellently in Miami, Fort Myers, Tampa, Sarasota, West Palm Beach, etc. 

Preparing the hole for planting atemoya

Preparing the hole correctly provides the proper foundation for the atemoyas roots to settle and ideally leads to a successful planting. 

Should I add anything to the hole before I plant?

It is recommended before planting Atemoya to add Azomite, an organic micronutrient supplement that will help feed your Atemoya.

How to fertilize Atemoya

Fertilizing atemoya trees is vital to maintaining the tree’s health and ensuring they produce fruits yearly and stay healthy. 

By providing fertilizer to the Atemoya, it helps provide the nutrients that Atemoya needs to help it thrive and grow.

When is the best time to fertilize atemoya trees?

Fertilizing atemoya trees should be done in the early spring (Late April to Early March) as trees will be in their prime growing season and hungry for nitrogen, potassium, calcium, and other micro-nutrient nutrients such as boron, zinc, manganese, and iron.

How many times should I fertilize an atemoya tree per year?

Atemoya trees should be fertilized twice a year, depending on your brand and type of fertilizer. 

Slow-release fertilizers are recommended over instant fertilizers as they might burn the tree’s roots if too much is applied. 

Slow-release fertilizers can also be applied fewer times per year and still provide nutrients every growing season every time the plant is watered.

There are many types of fertilizers for tropical fruit trees. Organic and synthetic fertilizers are available for tropical fruit trees and, in Florida, are necessary if you want to produce fruits from your fruit trees year after year.

To read more on fertilizers for tropical fruit trees, read this article here.

What is the best organic fertilizer for atemoya trees?

The best organic fertilizer for Atemoya is Azomite, which provides the Atemoya with the necessary micronutrients to help produce fruits yearly.

I also recommend adding organic compost, mulch, and teas to help your Atemoya be in its best health.

Which fertilizer is best for atemoya trees?

A quality slow-release fertilizer such as Osmocote 15-9-12 or Florikan works excellent for growing atemoya trees. 

For Atemoya trees to produce high-quality, delicious fruits must be supplemented with vitamins and minerals, as Florida’s sandy soil supplies little to no nutrients. 

Be sure to use only a little fertilizer as this might cause the leaves to grow due to the nitrogen content but at the cost of fruit production. 

Atemoya flowers

Atemoya flowers are similar in appearance to sugar apple (Annona squamosa) flowers and cherimoya (Annona cherimola) flowers.

Is Atemoya self-pollinating?

Some varieties of Atemoya are self-pollinating such as the ‘Gefner’ atemoya. It is recommended to hand pollinate atemoya fruits for a higher fruit set and a more uniform fruit shape.

Which varieties of Atemoya do not self-pollinate?

Atemoya varieties such as ‘Lisa’ and ‘Priestly’ may have a more challenging time setting fruit without assistance in hand pollinating the flowers.

How do I manually pollinate atemoya flowers?

If you are trying to pollinate atemoya flowers, you will need 

To pollinate female atemoya flowers, you will first need to collect male pollen from the male sugar apple flowers.

Male Atemoya Flower

Male atemoya flower petals are widespread, and the pollen can be extracted by lightly tapping on the atemoya flower with a black film canister directly under the flower.

Collecting male atemoya pollen from 10 am – 12:00 pm is best.

Male_sugar_apple_flowers
Male Atemoya Flower Pedals are wide open

Female Atemoya Flower

Female atemoya flower pedals are tighter together and have a banana liquor smell when in bloom. 

When ready to receive pollen, the stigma inside the atemoya female flower will be wet and slightly sticky so the male atemoya pollen can stick easily.

Female Atemoya Flowers with tight pedals

When is the best time to pollinate atemoya flowers?

The best time to pollinate female atemoya flowers is early morning, around Sunrise, to around 10:00 am, as the stigma is most receptive to the male pollen.

The best time to collect male pollen from your atemoya trees is late morning, around 10:00 am to 12:00 pm.

Atemoya pollen can be kept from the male atemoya and stored for up to 48 hours in the fridge vegetable and fruit compartment sealed. 

What is atemoyas natural pollinator?

Atemoya (Annona atemoya) natural pollinator is the nitulid beetle. The nitulid beetle is smaller than a grain of rice and can be hard to spot with the eye.

How do I attract atemoya natural pollinators to my garden?

If you want to attract the nitulid beetle (Atemoya natural pollinator) to pollinate your atemoya flowers naturally, you will need to include pieces of rotting fruits under the base of your atemoya trees.

The nitulid beetles like to hang out and reproduce within pieces of organic rotting material and prefer rotting fruits. So if you want to attract atemoyas natural pollinators, this is a must.

Atemoya fruits

Knowing when Atemoya is ready to harvest can be tricky–it requires patience, timing, and a trained eye to know the signs of ripening since they ripen at different times depending on climate conditions and the type of atemoya tree. 

But when done right, atemoya fruits provide an amazingly unique flavor that is sure to be remembered by many fruit lovers!

How to harvest atemoya fruits

To harvest an atemoya fruit, check to see signs of it being ready to harvest. Typically atemoya fruits are cut off the tree when still rock hard and are left to sit for 2-3 days before becoming soft and ready to consume.

How do I know when my atemoya fruit is ready to be harvested?

  1. Check the carpals on the fruit; if the spaces between the atemoya scales are becoming white and more prominent, it means your atemoya fruit is getting close to harvest.
  2. Check for any soft spots or softer areas. Atemoya fruits that are close to being ready to harvest may turn slightly soft.
  3. Check for any cracks on the atemoya fruit; cracks are due to irregular watering patterns. Once an atemoya cracks open, it will ripen slightly faster, so it’s essential to harvest the cracked fruits as soon as possible.

How to ripen an atemoya fruit once harvested

To ripen an atemoya fruit, simply place it inside a brown paper bag or a cardboard box. By placing the atemoya in one of these two will speed up the ripening process of the Atemoya.

How do I eat an atemoya fruit?

To eat an atemoya fruit, you must first wait until the fruit is soft all over, similar to a ripened avocado when soft. Once soft, you may cut it into the atemoya fruit with a knife or tear the Atemoya open with your hands.

It is important to eat only the atemoya flesh and avoid eating the skin and seeds of the atemoya fruit.

Is atemoya fruit poisonous or toxic?

All Annonaceae fruits carry small amounts of Annonacin which is concentrated in the seeds and skin of Annonaceae fruits. 

Annonacin is a chemical compound that may have toxic compounds to the human body if consumed. The flesh of Annonas is SAFE to consume compared to the seeds and skin, which is NOT safe to eat. 

Atemoya leaves and branching structure (Annona atemoya)

Pruning Atemoya

Pruning atemoya trees is essential for maximizing fruit production. 

Pruning atemoyas can also help to improve airflow, maintain an optimum leaf-to-fruit ratio, and encourage new growth each spring and summer. 

Proper pruning techniques include:

  • Thinning the canopy to increase light penetration.
  • Removing dead and broken branches.
  • Pruning long, thin, lean branches by 35-50%.
  • Thinning atemoya fruits.

When is the best time to prune Atemoya?

The best time to prune atemoyas is in the early spring. Prune atemoya trees in late April or early March to prepare them for the growing season.

Me standing next to an atemoya (Annona atemoya) tree I planted that stand over 15ft tall.

How do I prune my Atemoya?

  1. Identify any long lanky branches on the Atemoya that can be pruned back about 50% back. Atemoya branches that are long and lanky need to be pruned back at least 30-50%.
  2. Remove any atemoya branches crossing each other, as this will cause damage to the atemoya tree with branches rubbing against each other. 
  3. Remove branches in the middle of the atemoya tree that will increase the airflow inside the Atemoya when removed.
  4. Finally, remove any diseased or damaged leaves from the previous growing season to ensure new green leaves grow with flower buds.

When pruning atemoya trees, it is important to consider where the fruit will grow and set. 

Atemoya fruits can easily weigh 2-3 lbs plus, so if it grows on a branch that is not strong, the fruit can easily snap the branch.

Is it good to prune atemoya trees?

Atemoya and other Annonaceas fruit trees benefit greatly from a hard prune. Atemoyas will send out new flower buds and new branches on wood that has been pruned. 

How tall can atemoya trees get?

Atemoya trees can grow up to 25 ft plus if left unpruned.

How do I make my atemoya flower?

If your atemoya tree has not produced any flowers and is only growing leaves, a hard pruning of the branches and removing old leaves will force it to send out flowers and new leaves. 

Cut at least 25-50% of the branches and remove leaves to make your atemoya flower.

Questions about growing Atemoya 

Is it safe for dogs to eat Atemoya?

Although it is safe for a dog to eat the meat flesh of atemoyas, it is doubtful that they will enjoy the fruit as it has a sweet and acidic taste.

If you are giving your dog atemoya, always remove the seeds or process the fruit by removing the skin and seeds completely before giving them a taste.

Is it safe for cats to eat Atemoya?

It is safe for cats to eat Atemoya, but it is highly unlikely that they will want to eat a piece of Atemoya willingly.

I have observed my cats licking the atemoya flesh as I believe they enjoy the texture of the atemoya meat against their tongues. I have watched only one out of three cats living with me enjoy licking atemoya fruits for a little taste.

Can children and kids eat atemoya fruits?

Yes, It is safe for children to eat atemoya fruits.

It is highly advised for parents to supervise kids eating atemoya fruits and to remove all the seeds and the skin before feeding them to a child, as the seeds may be a choking hazard if not removed properly.

Atemoyas also contain Annonacin, a chemical that can be toxic to humans if consumed improperly. Annonacin is found concentrated in the Atemoya’s skin and seeds, so the two must not be consumed.

Although if you accidentally were to swallow an atemoya seed by accident, nothing would happen as I have experienced this.

Will Atemoya grow true to seed?

No, Atemoya will not grow true to seed. Atemoya grown from seed will produce a fruit similar to the parents but different. 

Will Atemoya grow in sandy soils?

Yes, atemoyas will grow in sandy soils and a wide range of soil types like clay and loamy soil.

Conclusion

If you want to grow an atemoya tree, this is the perfect guide for learning about its growing, fruiting, and care methods.

Atemoya in Florida is a reasonably new fruit that is still making its way across many Floridians’ gardens as people realize how delicious atemoyas are and the health benefits of growing your own Atemoya fruit tree.

How To Grow Mamey Sapote Tree in Florida

How To Grow Mamey Sapote Tree In Florida

How To Grow Mamey Sapote Tree In Florida

Growing a Mamey sapote tree in Florida is possible in zones 9b – 10a with the right conditions and care. 

This tropical fruit tree is native to Central America and bears large, round fruits weighing up to four pounds and even more. 

The flesh of the mamey sapote is reddish-orange and very sweet, making it a favorite among many fruit lovers.

Planting the mamey sapote, a tropical fruit tree is a great way to add tropical and exotic flavor to your home landscape. 

If you’re thinking about growing your mamey sapote tree, here are a few things you should know.

Recommended Products For Growing Mamey Sapote

Mamey Sapote Care Guide

Common namesMamey sapote, Sapote, Zapote rojo, 
Scientific namePouteria sapota
Months of Mamey Sapote HarvestIn Florida, from May – July, Some cultivars all year
Sun requirements for mamey sapote:Full sun for best fruit production
Water requirements for Mamey sapoteTwo to three times a week during flower + fruiting season.
Soil requirements for Mamey sapote: Rich, well-drained soil. Sandy soil will work in Florida.
Fertilizer requirements for Mamey sapote2-3 times yearly with Florikan, Osmocote, Azomite
Mamey sapote pestsWhite-flies, Scale
Mamey sapote diseasesRoot rot
Mamey Sapote care guide updated: December 9, 2022

How to grow mamey sapote tree in Florida
Mamey sapote tree cultivar ‘Pumpkin Pie’ growing in zone 10a Florida.

Mamey sapote Site Selection

Before you grow your mamey sapote tree, there’s an important step that must come first: site selection.

Planting your mamey sapote in the right location is critical for it to thrive over its long life span. 

Where should I plant my mamey sapote tree?

You’ll want to look for sites with good drainage and nutrients, limited wind exposure (which could lead to stunted growth or damaged leaves), and adequate sunlight.

Where in Florida does the mamey sapote grow best?

Mamey sapote thrives best in USDA growing zone 10a; this includes areas like Miami, West Palm Beach, Naples, Homestead, and more.

If you are growing a mamey sapote tree in zone 9b, you will need to consider growing this fruit tree in a microclimate or plan on keeping it warm during the winter.

Preparing the hole for planting

Planting a tree is more challenging than burying it in the ground and hoping for the best. 

If you want your mamey tree to live a long, healthy life, you need to create an environment that will help your sapote tree thrive.

When preparing the hole for planting, start digging deep enough so that the roots of the mamey can stretch out without being cramped or bunched up.

Remember that planting tropical fruit trees too deeply can stunt their growth, so ensure the depth at which you plant them is slightly above the soil level.

Should I add anything to the hole before I plant my mamey sapote tree?

It is recommended to add amendments to the hole before planting any tropical fruit tree. One of them is Azomite – an organic micronutrient supplement that will help the mamey sapote tree produce fruits.

Planting and Watering Mamey Sapote

Plant Mamey Sapote at least fifteen feet from other trees to ensure it receives plenty of sunlight and air circulation for its fruiting season. 

When planting Mamey Sapote, prepare to dig the hole two times as wide and deep as the pot that your mamey sapote tree is in; fill it with rich soil and Azomite, patting down around the base to anchor your Mamey sapote after dropping in the root ball. 

Water the mamey sapote thoroughly until the rootball and surrounding soil are completely soaked.

Keep Mamey Sapotes watered consistently; during hot summers, they’ll need two inches of in-ground water per week. 

The mamey sapote needs plenty of water and nutrients to succeed, so ensure that you have a feeding schedule for the mamey sapote, such as organic or synthetic fertilizers.

Fertilizing Mamey Sapote Trees

It is recommended to fertilize the mamey sapote fruit tree two to three times a year, with March through October being ideal months while the tree has a more active growth period.

Fertilizing Mamey Sapote Trees is a great way to ensure your tree is healthy and potentially increases its fruiting capabilities.

Fertilizers should include a balance of nutrient-rich organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. 

For more information on fertilizing tropical fruit trees, read this article.

Mamey sapote fruits for sale at a market
Pouteria sapota fruits for sale (Mamey sapote).

Which fertilizer is best for mamey sapote trees?

It is advised to use a slow-release fertilizer such as Osmocote plus 15-9-12 or another high-quality slow-release fertilizer like Florikan

Be careful using cheap instant fertilizers, which can easily result in over-fertilization and potentially cause death to the roots and foliage. 

During the winter months, when the growth period slows down, you can relieve the fertilizer schedule and begin the following year again in March.

Sticking to a regular fertilizing schedule is essential to keep your tree healthy and productive.

Fertilizing your Mamey Sapote Tree will keep it healthy for many years and maximize its fruiting potential so you can enjoy the sweet taste of Mamey Sapote with family and friends. 

Mamey Sapote Flowers

Mamey Sapote flowers are a creamy-white color and flower off the tree’s base, similar to a jaboticaba.

Pollination typically occurs when fruit bats or other birds feed on the tree’s fruits and spread the Mamey Sapote’s pollen around.

The Mamey Sapote must be pollinated for the tree to produce its delicious, nutritious fruits.

Mamey sapote cultivar 'Pumpkin Pie' flowering in Florida zone 10a
Mamey sapote (Poutera sapota) flowers. Variety: Pumpkin pie

Mamey Sapote trees can take 10 to 20 years to produce their first flowers; purchasing grafted mamey sapote trees is advised to ensure blooms immediately within one to two years after planting.

Do you have to pollinate mamey sapote flowers?

Mamey Sapotes are self-pollinating. What is self-pollinating? It means the flowers don’t need a foreign pollen source to bear fruit.

Mamey Sapote Fruits

Mamey sapote trees produce smooth, rounded fruits with an exterior similar to sapodilla.

When cut into, Mamey sapote fruits reveal an orange-brown flesh that is soft and sweet. 

Mamey sapote trees in Florida can take 20 years to bear fruit from seed, so it’s highly advised to purchase a grafted tree to get flowers and fruits within one year after planting. 

How to Harvest Mamey Sapote Fruits

You can tell when the mamey sapote is ready to harvest by scratching the exterior skin of the mamey sapote. If it is green, it is not ready, but if it is red/orange, the fruit is ready to pick.

Mamey sapote fruits are usually picked by hand, as they damage easily when handled and must be collected before they over-ripen on the tree.

What are the benefits of eating mamey sapote fruit?

Mamey sapote provides a great source of vitamins B6 and C. The fruit is also rich in vitamins such as riboflavin, niacin, vitamin E, manganese, potassium, and fiber.

Mature mamey trees can bear hundreds of sapotes at a time, making Mameys a popular choice for those looking for large amounts of a delicious and healthy tropical treat.

What is mamey sapote used for?

Aside from being eaten raw, Mameys can also be used for flavorings and preservatives in ice cream and jams. Its seed is also pressed, and the oil is processed into beauty products.

Mamey sapote (Pouteria sapota) fruits being prepared for mamey smoothie
Mamey sapote is blended in the blender to make a mamey smoothie.

Questions about growing mamey sapote

How tall does the mamey sapote tree get?

Mamey sapote trees can grow over 100ft if left unpruned. There are specific dwarf cultivars, such as the cultivar ‘Pumpkin Pie’ that is propagated by Zills High-Performance Nursery; this variety is a dwarf variety mamey and is a low-spreading compact grower.

Is it safe for dogs and cats to eat mamey sapote?

Yes, It is safe for dogs and cats to eat ripe mamey sapote fruit.

Is it safe for children to eat mamey sapote?

Yes, Children may eat ripe mamey sapote fruits. It is always advised to supervise children when consuming mamey sapotes. The mamey seed is big and can be a choking hazard if not removed and disposed of properly. 

How do you eat the mamey sapote fruit?

The mamey sapote has to be soft similar to how an avocado needs to be soft before cutting into it. Once the mamey is soft, you may cut into its creamy flesh.

Will mamey sapote grow in sandy soils?

Mamey sapotes will grow fine in sandy soils with additional amendments such as mulch and fertilizer. It is vital to keep the mamey sapote well hydrated during the hot months of the year in Florida, such as summer. 

Are mamey sapote true to seed?

No, mamey sapotes will not grow true to seed and produce a new variety if grown from seed.

Where can I order a mamey sapote tree online from?

You can order a grafted mamey sapote from this recommended nursery.

Conclusion

Every tropical fruit grower should consider learning how to grow mamey sapote. This post goes step-by-step through site selection, preparing the hole for planting, planting and watering, fertilizing, flowers and fruit

By following these steps, you will be prepared to grow your own mamey sapote tree. And if you want to grow your mamey sapote tree, we know just the place – check out this nursery!

What is cherilata fruit Florida

What is a Cherilata fruit? Here’s what you need to know.

What is a cherilata?

The Cherilata is a red hybrid fruit from the Annonaceae family that is crossed with Cherimoya (Annona cherimola) and Custard apple (Annona reticulata).

The Cherilata was created by John Painter on Pine Island, Florida. The John Painter Cherilata is crossed with the ‘Spain’ Cherimoya (A. cherimola) crossed with the ‘Tikal’ Custard apple (A. reticulata).

What is a cherilata fruit
Cherilata fruit grown in Bradenton, Florida, zone 9b/10a.

Who invented the cherilata fruit?

The cherilata fruit was created by John Painter in Pine Island. It is a delicious and beautiful red Annona fruit.

What does the cherilata fruit taste like?

The cherilata fruit taste like a sweet raspberry cream with a smooth texture similar to a cherimoyas texture.

What does the cherilata fruit look like?

The cherilata fruit is a smooth red Annonaceae fruit that resembles a red custard apple on the outside with a raspberry cherimoya flavor.

The cherilata fruit, when first set, starts off a dark brown/red color, but as it grows and matures, it begins to turn a bright red color.

Young Cherilata Fruit
Young cherilata fruit
Cherilata_Fruit_Close_Up_John_Painter_Annona_Reticulata_Tikal_Crossed_Annona_Cherimola_Spain
Mature cherilata fruit almost ready for harvest

What does the Cherilata fruit look like when it first sets?

The cherilata, when the flower is pollinated and sets its fruit, appears green/grey and is small, like a marble.

Baby cherilata fruit just set
Young cherilata fruit that was successfully pollinated.

Are cherilata trees grafted?

Cherilatas are grafted onto pond apple (Annona glabra) rootstock in Florida. The pond apple is a Florida native Annonaceae fruit tree that is compatible with grafting the ‘John Painter Cherilata’ scion excellently while having the ability to produce fruits in wet conditions.

All the cherilata fruit trees I’ve purchased from Fruitscapes LLC have been grafted onto pond apple (A. glabra) rootstock.

What does the cherilata tree look like?

The John Painter Cherilata tree is a small to medium, open-spreading tree with long, slender branches that grows about 15 to 20 feet (4.6-6.1 m) tall and often with a spread of up to twice their height; these trees are hardy and easily grown in the Central and South Florida climate.

Cherilata tree planted in the Florida garden landscape
‘John Painter Cherilata’ Tree planted in Bradenton Florida zone 9b/10a

What do Cherilata flowers look like?

Cherilatas flowers have three fleshy pedals similar to flowers of its parentage, custard apple (Annona reticulata) as well as cherimoya (Annona cherimola).

Cherilata flowers flowering in Bradenton
John Painter Cherilata flowers

What do the Cherilata leaves look like?

Cherilata leaves are slender, long, and ovate, similar in appearance to the custard apple (Annona reticulata) leaves. The leaves are also thick, similar to a custard apple (A. reticulata).

Cherilata leaves at night
Cherilata leaves close up in Bradenton, Florida zone 9b/10a.

What does the inside of a cherilata fruit look like?

The inside of a cherilata fruit is white in the center with a red outer coating layer. Its texture is smooth, similar to a cherimoya (Annona cherimola).

Cherilata cut in half close up white center with red border smooth center
Cherilata fruit cut in half.
Cherilata fruit close up of the seeds inside the cherilata flesh
Close-up of the cherilata fruit.

How can I tell when the Cherilata is ready to harvest?

You can tell when the cherilata fruit is ready to harvest when the cherilatas color is bright red and soft to the touch.

Is a cherilata a custard apple or a cherimoya?

The cherilata is a hybrid between custard apple (Annona reticulata) and cherimoya (Annona cherimola), so it’s technically neither a custard apple nor cherimoya but a mix between the two – a cherilata.

Cherilata fruit split in half sitting in hand
Cherilata fruit ready to eat.

Which is better, cherilata or sugar apple?

Cherilata has a more complex flavor than sugar apples (Annona squamosa), but both Annonaceae fruits are delicious and highly nutritious.

Where can I purchase a cherilata fruit tree?

The John Painter cherilata is still a relatively newer Annona hybrid that is making its way to more growers over time.

I purchased my cherilata trees from Fruitscapes LLC in Pine Island. Fruitscapes is said to get their cherilata bud wood directly from Mr. John Painter, so you can guarantee that it is the real deal when buying through Fruitscapes LLC.

What fertilizer should I use for my cherilata tree?

A fertilizer like Osmocote plus 15-9-12 slow release works excellent for fertilizing cherilata trees.

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Osmocote Smart-Release Plant Food Plus Outdoor & Indoor, 8 lb.
  • OSMOCOTE QUALITY: Osmocote is the original slow-release plant food. Decades of rigorous field testing confirm product effectiveness with hundreds of plant species in a variety of climate and soil conditions.
  • OSMOCOTE’S BEST FORMULA: Each homogeneous granule contains 15-9-12 NPK plus micro and secondary nutrients and feeds up to 6 full months.
  • OSMOCOTE’S SECRET: Soil temperature controls how Osmocote releases its nutrients, and more importantly how nutrients are taken up by the plant. Replenishment and feeding are in natural harmony.
  • OSMOCOTE’S DIRECTIONS FOR USE: 1 pound of Osmocote covers 37.5 sq. ft. (approx. 6’ x 6’). Works best when mixed into 1 – 3 inches of soil. Package includes applicator. In containers, mix 1 pound with 19 gallons of potting soil.
  • OSMOCOTE IS MISTAKE-PROOF: Even if over-applied up to 3x the recommended rate, Osmocote does not ‘burn’ the plant.

Sugar-apple-vs.-cherimoya-fruit-annonaceae

Sugar apple vs. cherimoya

Are sugar apples and cherimoyas the same? This article will dig deeper into the sugar apple vs. cherimoya. Both sugar apple and cherimoya fruits are a part of the Annonaceae family, but the tastes are entirely different.

Are sugar apples and cherimoyas the same fruit?

No, sugar apple (Annona squamosa) and cherimoya (Annona cherimola) are not the same fruit. Both fruits are part of the Annonaceae family, but the name sugar apple and cherimoya are often used for one another.

In different parts of the world, such as Colombia, if you ask for a cherimoya, you could get a sugar apple (A. squamosa) or a cherimoya (A. cherimoya).

Sugar apple (Annona squamosa)

Where did sugar apples originate from?

The sugar apple is a fruit that originated in the South American tropics. Its fruit is known worldwide for its taste and appearance.

What do sugar apples taste like?

Sugar apples have a sweet taste mixed with tropical custard flavors such as mango, pineapple, and bananas. Its white flesh is made up of segments that contain sugar apple seeds.

What does the inside of a sugar apple look like?

Sugar apples on the inside are white with pulp segments enclosing the seeds.

Inside of a sugar apple (Annona squamosa) fruit.

What are the nutritional benefits of sugar apples?

Per 100 grams of sugar apple fruit will provide you with 94 calories, 26.64 grams of carbohydrates, 0.29 grams of fat, and 2.06 grams of protein.

The sugar apple fruit is also rich in vitamins and minerals such as riboflavin (b2), Thiamine (b1), Vitamin B6, Niacin (B3), potassium, magnesium, and manganese.

Sugar_apple_nutrition_per_100_grams_annona_squamosa_annonaceae
Sugar apple fruit (Annona squamosa) health benefits per 100 grams of fruit.

Cherimoya (Annona cherimola)

Where did cherimoyas originate from?

Cherimoyas originated from the South American tropics highlands.

What do cherimoyas taste like?

Cherimoya (Annona cherimola) tastes like a mixture of fruits such as strawberries, mangos, and bananas. 

The fruit is slightly acidic and has a sweet and sour element while eating it.

What does the inside of a cherimoya look like?

The inside of a cherimoya fruit is white with smooth segments of flesh. The cherimoya, unlike the sugar apple’s flesh, is intact and does not fall apart when ripe, unlike the sugar apple.

Cherimoya_Annona_Cherimola_Fruit_On_The_Inside_Cherimoyas_Annonaceae
Cherimoya (Annona cherimola) fruit on the inside.

What are the nutritional benefits of cherimoyas?

100 grams of cherimoya fruit will provide you with 75 calories, 17.70 grams of carbohydrates, 0.70 grams of fat, and 1.57 grams of protein.

The cherimoya fruit is also rich in vitamins and minerals such as riboflavin (b2), Thiamine (b1), Vitamin b6, potassium, and Vitamin E.

Cherimoya_nutrition_per_100_grams_annona_cherimola_annonaceae
Cherimoya fruit (Annona cherimola) health benefits per 100 grams of fruit.

What are the similarities between sugar apples and cherimoya?

  • Sugar apples and cherimoyas are both parts of the Annona family. Both fruits have a creamy white texture and sweet taste.
  • Both fruits are considered delicious and grown widely throughout the tropics.
  • Both sugar apple and cherimoya trees are deciduous, meaning they shed their leaves in the winter and re-grow new leaves in the early spring.
  • Both sugar apples and cherimoyas contain seeds that are not to be eaten.
  • Both sugar apple and cherimoya trees bear flowers and new leaves when pruned.

What are the differences between sugar apples and cherimoya?

  • Sugar apples and cherimoyas are grown at different elevations. Sugar apples can only be produced at lower elevations, while cherimoya can only be grown in higher elevations.
  • Sugar apple and cherimoya leaves are shaped differently. Cherimoya leaves are more oblong and round, while sugar apple leaves are slender and pointed.
  • Cherimoya flowers are more slender and slightly longer than sugar apple flowers.
In this video we compare Sugar apple (Annona squamosa), Cherimoya (Annona cherimola), Soursop (Annona muricata), and Atemoya (Annona atemoya)

Common questions about sugar apples and cherimoya

Which is better, sugar apple or cherimoya?

Both sugar apples and cherimoyas are delicious fruits part of the Annonaceae family. My favorite overall is sugar apple.

Which fruit is sweeter, sugar apple or cherimoya?

Sugar apple (Annona squamosa) is a much sweeter fruit than cherimoya (Annona cherimola). If you have a sweet tooth, sugar apple is your fruit.

Is sugar apple or cherimoya the same as atemoya?

The sugar apple and cherimoya are different from atemoya. The atemoya is a fruit developed by naturally crossing the two fruits sugar apple (Annona squmoasa) crossed with cherimoya (Annona cherimola).

Do cherimoya (Annona cherimola) trees grow big?

Cherimoya trees can grow up to 15 – 30 feet tall.

Do sugar apple (Annona squamosa) trees grow big?

Sugar apple trees can grow anywhere from 15 – 20 feet tall.

Are there health benefits to eating cherimoya and sugar apple fruits?

Eating cherimoyas and sugar apples can provide many health benefits to your body, such as increased skin and bone health.

Conclusion:


Sugar apples and cherimoyas are both highly sought-after fruit of the Annonaceae family for their delicious taste and health benefits.

The sugar apple (Annona squamosa) is a tropical green, bumpy surface fruit that grows in lower elevations such as Florida. Its taste is sweet and melts in your mouth as you eat it.

The cherimoya (Annona cherimola) is a lime green, a smooth-surfaced tropical fruit that grows better in higher elevations such as California. Its taste is rather sweet and acidic, but its delectable texture makes you crave more.

In the end, sugar apples and cherimoyas are delicious fruits that are part of the Annonaceae family. If you have yet to try these exotic tropical fruits, I highly recommend you go to your local Asian or fruit market to seek them out or grow them yourself. Read this article for more information on how to grow tropical fruit trees.